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BENCHMARKING     BTUs  / SQUARE FOOT

Energy Information Administration              
Released Date:   December 2004                
Page Last  Modified:
Jan 2007
               
                   
Table 7b.  U.S. Commercial Buildings Energy Intensity Using   Primary Energy by Census Region and Principal Building Activity, 1992-2003             
Thousand BTUs  Per
Square Foot
             
                   
Principal Building Activity Survey Years            
and Census Region            
  1992 1995 1999 2003            
U.S. Total *             158             180             178 191            
  Education             131             137             135 159            
  Food Sales             482             586             537 535            
  Food Service              392             493             477 523            
  Health Care             386             423             337 346            
  Lodging             292             232             187 193            
  Mercantile and Service             143             157             180 204            
  Office             209             227             219 212            
  Public Assembly             145             201             170 180            
  Public Order and Safety             178             175             157 221            
  Religious Worship               46               61               57 77            
  Warehouse and Storage               82               80               86 94            
  Other **             294             324             312 319            
  Vacant               49 37               27 33            
                     
                     
                   
                     
Total Northeast             146             161             179 184            
  Education             129             130             147 156            
  Food Sales  Q   Q   Q   Q             
  Food Service              232  Q   Q   Q             
  Health Care             354             425             355 346            
  Lodging             234             314             221 145            
  Mercantile and Service             119             118             169 190            
  Office             180             189             205 215            
  Public Assembly             132             192             211 130            
  Public Order and Safety             180             145  Q   Q             
  Religious Worship               45               63               56 71            
  Warehouse and Storage               91             100               95 81            
  Other **             236  Q   Q   Q             
  Vacant  Q                16  Q   Q             
                     
                   
Total Midwest             162             183             170 189            
  Education             135             132             131 142            
  Food Sales             496  Q   Q  564            
  Food Service              378             328             377 425            
  Health Care             442             502             302 365            
  Lodging             245             244             179 198            
  Mercantile and Service             147             177             158 193            
  Office             215             229             218 232            
  Public Assembly             152             190             158 175            
  Public Order and Safety  Q              154  Q   Q             
  Religious Worship               47               67               52 81            
  Warehouse and Storage             101               90             115 137            
  Other **  Q   Q   Q   Q             
  Vacant               49  Q   Q   Q             
                     
                   
Total South             155             180             191 201            
  Education             116             131             142 176            
  Food Sales             468             566             586 533            
  Food Service              451             627  Q  616            
  Health Care             417             417             370 339            
  Lodging             295             229             208 215            
  Mercantile and Service             155             165             194 215            
  Office             230             221             236 216            
  Public Assembly  Q              189             164 215            
  Public Order and Safety             191             175  Q   Q             
  Religious Worship               48               50               65 84            
  Warehouse and Storage               71               72               76 70            
  Other **  Q              420             279  Q             
  Vacant               31               33  Q   Q             
                     
                   
Total West             170             195             166 182            
  Education             151             161             124 148            
  Food Sales             548             425  Q   Q             
  Food Service              655             467  Q  464            
  Health Care             272             365             309 334            
  Lodging             383             198             158 205            
  Mercantile and Service             144             162             190 204            
  Office             200             267             205 176            
  Public Assembly             178  Q              152 201            
  Public Order and Safety  Q   Q   Q  Q            
  Religious Worship               41               69               52 52            
  Warehouse and Storage               69               65               60 86            
  Other **             229  Q   Q  Q            
  Vacant               78               48  Q  Q            
   * Sum of major fuels.                    
  ** Laboratory buildings are included in the "Other" category.              
  Q = Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.    
   Notes: Primary energy consumption is the amount of site consumption, plus losses that occur in the generation, transmission, and distribution of energy. 
  Sources: Energy Information Administration, Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Surveys, 1992, 1995, 1999, and 2003.    
                   
                   
                   
             
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
  ** Laboratory buildings are included in the "Other" category.              
  Q = Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.    
   Notes: Primary energy consumption is the amount of site consumption, plus losses that occur in the generation, transmission, and distribution of energy. 
  Sources: Energy Information Administration, Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Surveys, 1992, 1995, 1999, and 2003.    
                     
                     
                     
             
Released Date: December 2004                
Page Last Modified: Jan 2007                
                   
Table 7b.  U.S. Commercial Buildings Energy Intensity Using Primary Energy by Census Region and Principal Building Activity, 1992-2003             
(Thousand Btu  / Square Foot)              
                   
Principal Building Activity Survey Years            
and Census Region            
  1992 1995 1999 2003            
U.S. Total *             158             180             178 191            
  Education             131             137             135 159            
  Food Sales             482             586             537 535            
  Food Service              392             493             477 523            
  Health Care             386             423             337 346            
  Lodging             292             232             187 193            
  Mercantile and Service             143             157             180 204            
  Office             209             227             219 212            
  Public Assembly             145             201             170 180            
  Public Order and Safety             178             175             157 221            
  Religious Worship               46               61               57 77            
  Warehouse and Storage               82               80               86 94            
  Other **             294             324             312 319            
  Vacant               49 37               27 33            
                     
Total Northeast             146             161             179 184            
  Education             129             130             147 156            
  Food Sales  Q   Q   Q   Q             
  Food Service              232  Q   Q   Q             
  Health Care             354             425             355 346            
  Lodging             234             314             221 145            
  Mercantile and Service             119             118             169 190            
  Office             180             189             205 215            
  Public Assembly             132             192             211 130            
  Public Order and Safety             180             145  Q   Q             
  Religious Worship               45               63               56 71            
  Warehouse and Storage               91             100               95 81            
  Other **             236  Q   Q   Q             
  Vacant  Q                16  Q   Q             
                     
Total Midwest             162             183             170 189            
  Education             135             132             131 142            
  Food Sales             496  Q   Q  564            
  Food Service              378             328             377 425            
  Health Care             442             502             302 365            
  Lodging             245             244             179 198            
  Mercantile and Service             147             177             158 193            
  Office             215             229             218 232            
  Public Assembly             152             190             158 175            
  Public Order and Safety  Q              154  Q   Q             
  Religious Worship               47               67               52 81            
  Warehouse and Storage             101               90             115 137            
  Other **  Q   Q   Q   Q             
  Vacant               49  Q   Q   Q             
                     
Total South             155             180             191 201            
  Education             116             131             142 176            
  Food Sales             468             566             586 533            
  Food Service              451             627  Q  616            
  Health Care             417             417             370 339            
  Lodging             295             229             208 215            
  Mercantile and Service             155             165             194 215            
  Office             230             221             236 216            
  Public Assembly  Q              189             164 215            
  Public Order and Safety             191             175  Q   Q             
  Religious Worship               48               50               65 84            
  Warehouse and Storage               71               72               76 70            
  Other **  Q              420             279  Q             
  Vacant               31               33  Q   Q             
                     
Total West             170             195             166 182            
  Education             151             161             124 148            
  Food Sales             548             425  Q   Q             
  Food Service              655             467  Q  464            
  Health Care             272             365             309 334            
  Lodging             383             198             158 205            
  Mercantile and Service             144             162             190 204            
  Office             200             267             205 176            
  Public Assembly             178  Q              152 201            
  Public Order and Safety  Q   Q   Q  Q            
  Religious Worship               41               69               52 52            
  Warehouse and Storage               69               65               60 86            
  Other **             229  Q   Q  Q            
  Vacant               78               48  Q  Q            
   * Sum of major fuels.                    
  ** Laboratory buildings are included in the "Other" category.              
  Q = Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.    
   Notes: Primary energy consumption is the amount of site consumption, plus losses that occur in the generation, transmission, and distribution of energy. 
  Sources: Energy Information Administration, Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Surveys, 1992, 1995, 1999, and 2003.